"In 2022 past-year use of crack cocaine was at or near historic lows. Annual use levels among 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students were all less than 1%. Like cocaine, crack use dropped sharply from 1986—when its use was first measured—through 1991. Consistent with other illicit drugs, its prevalence then increased during the 1990s drug relapse, peaked in the late 1990s, and has since declined to today’s low levels of use."


Miech, R. A., Johnston, L. D., Patrick, M.E., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E., (2023). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2022: Secondary school students. Monitoring the Future Monograph Series. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.