Estimated Prevalence and Trends in Use of Cocaine, Including Crack, in the US

"Cocaine use includes the use of crack cocaine. Estimates of crack use are presented separately as well. Among people aged 12 or older, the percentage who were past year cocaine users decreased from 2.5 percent (or 5.9 million people) in 2002 to 2.0 percent (or 5.5 million people) in 2019 (Figure 13 and 2019 DT 7.2). Estimates of past year cocaine use among people aged 12 or older fluctuated over time. The percentage in 2019 was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2007, was higher than the percentages in most years from 2011 to 2014, and was similar to the percentages in 2008 to 2010 and in 2015 to 2018.

"Percentages for past year crack use among people aged 12 or older decreased from 0.7 percent (or 1.6 million people) in 2002 to 0.3 percent (or 778,000 people) in 2019 (2019 DT 7.2). The percentage of people in 2019 who used crack in the past year was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2009, but it was similar to the percentages in 2010 to 2018.

"Aged 12 to 17
"Among adolescents aged 12 to 17, the percentage who were past year cocaine users decreased from 2.1 percent (or 508,000 people) in 2002 to 0.4 percent (or 97,000 people) in 2019 (Figure 13 and 2019 DT 7.5). The percentage of adolescents in 2019 who used cocaine in the past year was lower than the percentages in most years from 2002 to 2014, but it was similar to the percentages in 2015 to 2018.

"Percentages for past year crack use among adolescents decreased from 0.4 percent (or 100,000 people) in 2002 to less than 0.1 percent (or 11,000 people) in 2019 (2019 DT 7.5). The percentage of adolescents in 2019 who were past year crack users was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2008, but it was similar to the percentages in 2009 to 2018.

"Aged 18 to 25
"Among young adults aged 18 to 25, the percentage who were past year cocaine users decreased from 6.7 percent (or 2.1 million people) in 2002 to 5.3 percent (or 1.8 million people) in 2019 (Figure 13 and 2019 DT 7.11). As for people aged 12 or older, estimates of past year cocaine use among young adults fluctuated over time. The percentage of young adults in 2019 who were past year cocaine users was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2007 and was higher than the percentages in 2010 to 2014, but it was similar to the percentages in 2008 and 2009 and in most years from 2015 to 2018.

"Percentages for past year crack use among young adults decreased from 0.9 percent (or 266,000 people) in 2002 to 0.2 percent (or 61,000 people) in 2019 (2019 DT 7.11). The percentage of young adults in 2019 who used crack in the past year was lower than the percentages in most years from 2002 to 2015, but it was similar to the percentages in 2016 to 2018.

"Aged 26 or Older
"Among adults aged 26 or older in 2019, 1.7 percent (or 3.6 million people) used cocaine in the past year, and 0.3 percent (or 706,000 people) used crack in the past year (Figure 13 and 2019 DT 7.14). The percentage of adults in this population in 2019 who used cocaine in the past year was similar to the percentages in 2002 to 2009 and in 2016 to 2018, but it was higher than the percentages in most years from 2010 to 2015. The percentage of adults in this population in 2019 who were past year crack users was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2007, but it was similar to the percentages in 2008 to 2018."

Source: 

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. PEP20-07-01-001, NSDUH Series H-55). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/