"At the end of 2014, there were a total of 1,540 operational ADCs [Adult Drug Courts] across the United States. The number of ADCs grew to 1,697 by the end of 2019, and at year-end 2021, 1,834 ADCs had been implemented in jurisdictions across the country. This equates to an 8% increase in ADCs between 2019 and 2021. Overall, between 2014 and 2021, the number of ADCs increased by 19%. The growth in number of ADCs between 2014 and 2021 is displayed in Figure 3.

"Some ADCs are classified as “hybrid drug/DUI” programs in that they enroll individuals that satisfy the requirements for ADC and DUI/DWI in one program. Between 2014-2019, the number of “hybrid drug/DUI” programs decreased from 407 to 351. Even fewer programs were in operation at the end of 2021 (n=302). These data suggest that while the general number of ADCs has increased since 2014, ADCs specifically classified as “hybrid drug/DUI” have been on the decline. Overall, there was a 26% reduction in these programs between 2014-2021. These data should be considered in tandem with the figures below regarding stand-alone DUI/DWI courts where there has been an observed increase in operational programs. It may be that programs previously classified as “hybrid drug/DUI” split into two stand-alone programs. In addition, some programs may in fact serve both of these target populations but not classify themselves as “hybrid drug/DUI” and therefore are not included in these figures."


National Drug Court Resource Center. Data Digest Issue 2: Treatment Court Counts. 2022. Wilmington, NC: National Drug Court Resource Center, UNC-Wilmington.