Demographic Characteristics of People in the US Receiving Less Than 24-Hour Outpatient Mental Health Treatment Services
"Of the 4,161,697 clients who received outpatient mental health treatment services at least once in April 2016 and were still enrolled in treatment on April 29, 2016, 46 percent received services in outpatient mental health facilities and 32 percent received services in community mental health centers. VA medical centers accounted for 9 percent of clients served in less than 24-hour outpatient settings, while multi-setting mental health facilities and general hospitals accounted for 4 percent each.
"Unlike the gender distribution of clients who received inpatient and residential mental health treatment services, the proportion of males and females receiving outpatient mental health treatment services was similar: 51 percent were male and 49 percent were female. A notable exception was VA medical centers, which predominantly served males (77 percent).
"Children aged 17 or younger accounted for 27 percent of clients who received outpatient mental health treatment services; 60 percent of clients were adults aged 18 to 64, and 13 percent were seniors aged 65 and older.
"As shown in Figure 3.5, RTCs for children served children in higher proportions than all other facility types. Adults aged 18 to 64 received outpatient services in higher proportion than other age groups in other types of residential treatment facilities (76 percent), VA medical centers (68 percent), and public psychiatric hospitals (67 percent). Clients aged 65 and older accounted for about a quarter of those who received outpatient services in both private psychiatric hospitals and VA medical centers (28 and 23 percent, respectively).
"Race information was missing or reported as unknown for 46 percent of clients who received outpatient mental health treatment services. According to the reported race information, 35 percent of clients who received outpatient services were White, 12 percent were Black or African American, 5 percent were two or more races, and 1 percent each were Asian or American Indian/Alaska Native.
"Figure 3.6 compares the proportions of White and Black or African American clients receiving outpatient mental health treatment services by facility type. As with residential settings, all facilities served a greater proportion of White than Black or African American clients.
"Ethnicity information was missing or reported as unknown for 41 percent of clients who received outpatient services. Clients who identified as Hispanic or Latino accounted for 11 percent of those served as outpatients, while 48 percent did not identify as Hispanic or Latino."
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Mental Health Services Survey (N-MHSS): 2016. Data on Mental Health Treatment Facilities. BHSIS Series S-98, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 17-5049. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2017, pp. 28-29.