In 2004, the Drug Enforcement Administration gave permission for the first US trial of MDMA for use in treating trauma:
"Capping a 17-year effort by a small but committed group of activists, the federal Drug Enforcement Administration has agreed to let a South Carolina physician treat 12 trauma victims with the illegal street drug ecstasy in what will be the first U.S.-approved study of the recreational drug's therapeutic potential.
"The DEA's move marks a historic turn for a drug that has long been both venerated and vilified."
Weiss, Rick, "DEA Approves Trial Use Of Ecstasy In Trauma Cases," Washington Post, March 2, 2004. (Washington, DC), p. A02.