"In Ukraine, the use of high-risk drugs is mainly associated with the injection of “home-made” opiates (the opium extract solution with the street name “shirka”) and stimulants of amphetamine family. Injecting drug use leads to a higher risk of HIV, Hepatitis B and C, and syphilis because of needle and syringe sharing.
"In 2020, a small decrease in cocaine users’ treatment demands was observed. Thus, as of the end of 2020, 274 cocaine consumers remained under surveillance, while at the end of 2019 there were 346 such people.
"There was also observed an increase in opioid users’ demands, i.e., 41,095 as of the end of 2020 persons compared to 40,324 people at the end of 2019.
"The number of consumers of cannabinoids and other stimulants who voluntarily applied for treatment remained barely unchangeable."
Institute of Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatric Examination and Drug Monitoring of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Report on Drug and Alcohol Situation In Ukraine for 2021 (Based on data 2020). January 2022.