Imprisonment Rates In the US By Race, Gender, and Ethnicity

"• The imprisonment rate at yearend 2020 (358 per 100,000 U.S. residents) was the lowest since 1992 (330 per 100,000) (table 5 and appendix table 1).

"• From 2019 to 2020, imprisonment rates for state prisons fell 15% (from 371 per 100,000 U.S. residents to 315 per 100,000) and the BOP imprisonment rate decreased almost 11% (from 48 per 100,000 to 43 per 100,000).

"• The 2020 imprisonment rate for black U.S. residents showed a 37% decrease from 2010, when almost 1.5% of all black residents were serving a sentence of at least 1 year in state or federal prisons.

"• Of all the racial or ethnic groups, Hispanics and Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders showed the largest declines in imprisonment rates (16% each).

"• Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Other Pacific Islander U.S. residents had the lowest imprisonment rates of all racial or ethnic groups in 2020, with 74 per 100,000 Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Other Pacific Islander U.S. residents of all ages (table 5), and 93 per 100,000 ages 18 or older (table 6).

"• Each year from 2010 to 2020, more than 1% of black and American Indian or Alaska Native adults were serving a sentence of at least 1 year in prison."

Source: 

E. Ann Carson, PhD. Prisoners In 2020 - Statistical Tables. Washington, DC: US Dept of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2021, NCJ302776.