incarcerated population

Estimated rate of persons supervised by US adult correctional systems, by correctional status, 2000 and 2005–2018

In 2018, the US adult correctional system had under its supervision one in every 40 US adults, which is a rate of 2,510 people under supervision per 100,000 US residents aged 18 or older.

The rate for the population on community supervision, i.e. probation and parole, in 2018 was 1,730 per 100,000 US residents aged 18 or older, and 1,340 per 100,000 US residents of all ages.

The rate for the incarcerated population, in jails and prisons, in 2018 was 830 per 100,000 US residents aged 18 or older, and 650 per 100,000 US residents of all ages.

Total Number of Adults Supervised by the US Correctional System, 2000, 2005, and 2010-2018

"Persons supervised in the community on either probation (3,540,000 persons) or parole (878,000) continued to make up the majority of the correctional population at year-end 2018. Nearly 7 in 10 persons in the correctional population were supervised in the community at year-end 2018 (4,399,000), while 3 in 10 were incarcerated in state or federal prisons or local jails (2,123,100)."

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Number Of People Serving Time In Federal Prison, by Most Serious Offense - 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2008-2015

In 2015, federal prisons held a total of 185,917 sentenced adult prisoners. Of those, 13,700 had a violent offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced, 11,200 had a property offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced, 92,000 had a drug offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced, and 67,500 had a public order offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced. Additionally, there were 1,400 for whom the charges were unknown or unspecified.

Number of people held in US State or Federal Prisons or in Local Jails, by Type of Facility, 2000 and 2007-2016

In 2016, there were 2,157,800 people behind bars in the US. This includes state and federal prisons as well as local and county jails. Of these, 188,300 people were federal prisoners, and 1,288,800 were state prisoners, and local jails held a total of 740,700 people. The incarceration rate in 2016 was 670 people per 100,000 US residents of all ages. The adult incarceration rate in 2016 was 870 people per 100,000 US residents aged 18 or older.

Click here for the complete data table for 2000 and 2007-2016.